Difference between revisions of "Phonology"

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Revision as of 09:16, 13 April 2018

Consonants

There are 18 consonants[1][2] in Lortho and all are strictly pronounced the same regardless of placement.

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Postalveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive   p   pʰ   b   t   tʰ     d   dʰ     k   kʰ          
Fricative f s ʃ h   
Lateral Approximant l   lʰ
Tap or Flap ɾ

Vowels

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Monophthongs[2]


  Front Near- front Central Near- back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i
u  
o  
ɛ
a
  Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

Diphthongs

There are four diphthongs in Lortho: [aɪ], [eɪ], [au], and [oɪ].

Phonotactics

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Syllable Structure

The syllable structure is (C)V(V)(C).

  • The syllables can be constructed as:
    • V
    • CV
    • CVV
    • VC
    • CVC
    • CVVC

Consonant Clusters

There are very few consonant clusters allowed; however, clusters formed from adjacent syllables (i.e. coda + onset) are more common. These clusters are:

  1. /nd/
  2. /nt/ (which includes [ntʰ])
  3. /nk/ (with an allophone of [ŋk])
  4. /np/ (with an allophone of [mp] e.g. the verb konpharo to speak)
  5. /ns/
  6. /pt/
  7. /rt/
  8. /sk/

Prosody

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Stress

Stress in Lortho is handled as follows:

  1. Stress is always on the penultimatae syllable of the root or infinitive except:
    • -n verbs will always receive stress on the final syllable of the infinitive or root.
    • Pluralized nouns will shift the stress to the penultimate syllable.
  2. If the word is two syllables long, then the stress is on the first syllable.
  3. Stress is neither given to prefixes nor suffixes.

Intonation

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  1. http://www.internationalphoneticalphabet.org
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://linguifex.com/wiki/Guide:IPA